CSS Framework

What are CSS Framework.


CSS framework is a collection of CSS stylesheets that are prepped and ready to use. They’re tailored for use in common situations, like setting up navbars, and are often expanded upon by other technologies such as SASS and JavaScript. Think of it like a colleague giving you a completed CSS stylesheet for a home page you’re setting up. Basically, all you need to do is writeup your HTML with the appropriate structure, classes, and IDs and you’re off to the races. However, instead of that stylesheet being specifically for the home page you’re working on, it’s ready to accommodate a general “standard” of home page, having classes for things commonly found on other home pages (ie navbar, footer, slider, hamburger menu, 3 column layout). This allows you to quickly setup web pages without having to deep dive into some CSS, saving a bunch of time.


Tailwind CSS is a utility-first CSS framework for rapidly building custom user interfaces. I like to think of it as a cool way to write inline styling and achieve an awesome interface without writing a single line of your own CSS.

In my opinion, the one thing that most developers will find a bit distracting with Tailwind CSS is the fact that your markup looks a lot busier than you might like. Tailwind isn’t the first utility CSS library, but it is the most popular at the moment.

It accomplishes that by offering utility classes that make CSS coding almost unnecessary. Experienced frontend developers fall in love with its powerful features, and use it throughout their projects.


First of all, what is Bootstrap? To put it shortly, it is a front-end web development framework that gives you access to templates. They allow developers to make web application development faster and easier by providing made materials or a reference point for developing more advanced components.

Before getting started with Bootstrap, you have to be familiar with the idea of front-end coding. Front-end web development frameworks usually cover these things: typography, forms, buttons, tables, navigation, modules, image carousels, in addition to optional JavaScript plugins.

Bootstrap, in particular, is oriented towards responsive web design. This means that Bootstrap enables you to create responsive websites that look and function correctly on multiple devices.

  • Bootstrap offers lots of examples and a pre-set layout to get you started with.
  • With Bootstrap, the developers can easily stitch different components together and layouts to create a new and impressive page design.
  • Many detailed documentations are provided with those layouts so that the users can understand them easily.
  • Bootstrap is based on the MIT License, therefore it is free to use, free to distribute, so you can develop and you can contribute to the community as well.

It is a responsive front-end framework based on the material design with collections of UI components with minimal effects on which users can easily attract. Materialize is fully responsive in Tablets and mobile. It is easy to learn as well as excellent documentation is provided. This framework has large community support and great positive feedback. Materialize CSS allows you to customize options with an impressive set of color collections.

Materialize Admin Templates based on Materialize CSS framework are vastly used over the world due to its responsiveness.

  • The documentation page of Materialize is very comprehensive and pretty easy to start with.
  • Materialize’s GitHub lists more than 3,800 commits and 500 contributors.
  • Materialize’s components page includes cards, buttons, navigation, and many more added features.

Foundation is a front-end framework consisting of many tools useful for making responsive, mobile-first websites. Primarily built with HTML, CSS, and jQuery, Foundation uses modern technologies and practices, but gracefully degrades as far back as IE8. Although the framework is most commonly used by HTML and CSS developers, you have the option of taking things further using Foundation in conjunction with Sass and Rails.

The company behind Foundation, ZURB, have created a tightly regimented toolset for developers and designers. Every module has its part to play in the framework as a whole, but at the same time can work completely independently of central leadership. What this means then, is that you can mix and match features in your current project, or take a single feature and add it into an older project. You can even add it as a feature to a different framework.

Pure CSS.

Pure is a set of small, responsive CSS modules for all your needs. Pure’s size is incredibly small only 3.8 KB minified. Besides, if you choose to only use a subset of available modules, you’ll save even more bandwidth. It is built on Normalize.css, Pure provides layout and styling for native HTML elements, plus the most common UI components. Its minimal styles encourage you to write your application styles on top of it.

Pure CSS helps in creating beautiful and responsive websites quickly. It occupies very less space having a size comparable to 4 KB (minified + gzipped). It is like bootstrap but on the lighter side as it only uses the real CSS and not javascript. You can guess this from the fact that bootstrap (v3.4.1) is about 368.62 Kb in size and Pure CSS is just 4kb in size.

Pure CSS contains modules like formsbuttonstables, etc. which we will study in this tutorial.

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